The same function as a Semi-Automatic, except with the additional feature that there are 2-4 buttons to program the dosage of water through the coffee grinds. These can be operated as a semi-automatic, but with the use of a button on the touchpad. These machines are used in newer coffee shops or ones with high employee turnover. These are always used in food service establishments, such as restaurants, cafeterias, etc. where the caliber of espresso training is very low.